When black pepper is sold as "16 mesh," it refers to the size of the particles of the pepper. Mesh size is a term used to describe the size of the openings in a screen or sieve that is used to separate particles of different sizes. In this case, 16 mesh black pepper means that the pepper particles are small enough to pass through a screen with 16 openings per linear inch.
16 mesh black pepper is a common size used in cooking and food processing because it is a good balance between fine powder and coarse flakes. This size is often used in dry rubs, seasoning blends, and marinades, where a consistent size of the pepper particles is desired. It is also a popular size for tabletop pepper shakers because it allows for a moderate amount of pepper to be dispensed with each shake.
Black pepper is a versatile spice that can add flavor and complexity to a wide variety of dishes. It has a pungent, slightly spicy flavor and is commonly used to season meats, vegetables, soups, and sauces. In addition to its culinary uses, black pepper has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries and has been linked to several health benefits, including improved digestion, reduced inflammation, and lower cholesterol levels.