Asafoetida, also known as hing, is a resinous gum derived from the roots of a perennial herb called Ferula assa-foetida. The plant is native to Central Asia and Iran, but it is also cultivated in other regions, including India and Afghanistan.
Asafoetida has a strong, pungent smell and taste that is often compared to that of garlic or onion. It is used as a spice in Indian, Iranian, and Middle Eastern cuisine to add flavor and aroma to various dishes, such as curries, soups, and stews.
Apart from its culinary uses, asafoetida has also been traditionally used for medicinal purposes, including as a digestive aid, anti-inflammatory, and anti-flatulent agent. However, more scientific research is needed to confirm its potential health benefits.