Cayenne pepper and red pepper are both derived from the same plant, but they differ in terms of their heat level, flavor profile, and culinary uses.
Cayenne pepper is a type of chili pepper that is typically dried and ground into a fine powder. It is known for its spicy, pungent flavor and intense heat level, which can range from 30,000 to 50,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU). Cayenne pepper is often used as a seasoning for spicy dishes like chili, curries, and hot sauces.
Red pepper, on the other hand, can refer to a variety of peppers that are red in color, including bell peppers, cherry peppers, and pimento peppers. These peppers are usually not as spicy as cayenne pepper, and may have a milder, sweeter flavor profile. Red pepper is often used as a seasoning for savory dishes like soups, stews, and stir-fries.
It's worth noting that some people may use the terms "cayenne pepper" and "red pepper" interchangeably, so it's important to check the specific variety or product being referred to in order to determine the heat level and flavor profile.
In summary, cayenne pepper is a type of chili pepper known for its spicy flavor and intense heat, while red pepper can refer to a variety of peppers that are red in color and may have a milder, sweeter flavor profile.